Begin IV fluids:
- Maintenance fluid: D5 ½ NS + KCl 20 mEq/L IV @ 75ml/hr (or at kg + 40 = rate).
- Pt is NPO and no DM (because D5 is added)
- Rehydration fluid (dehydration): NS IV @75ml/hr.
- Can lead to CHF – assess for fluid overload and decrease rate as needed.
- Glucose, sodium, potassium, lactate (which is converted to bicarbonate), calcium
- KVO = keep vein open (IV access that is not actively in use)