IV fluids

Begin IV fluids:

  1. Maintenance fluid: D5 ½ NS + KCl 20 mEq/L IV @ 75ml/hr (or at kg + 40 = rate).
    1. Pt is NPO and no DM (because D5 is added)
  2. Rehydration fluid (dehydration): NS IV @75ml/hr.
    1. Can lead to CHF – assess for fluid overload and decrease rate as needed.
  • Glucose, sodium, potassium, lactate (which is converted to bicarbonate), calcium
  • KVO = keep vein open (IV access that is not actively in use)


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