2 articles Acid Base

Metabolic Acidosis

Anion gap = ( [Na+] + [K+] ) − ( [Cl−] + [HCO3−] ) Increased anion gap:      MUDPILES pneumonic M-Methanol U-Uremia (chronic kidney failure) – accumulation of sulfates, phosphates, urea; massive rhabdomyolysis D-Diabetic ketoacidosis P-Propylene glycol (“P” used to stand for Paraldehyde but this substance is not commonly used today) I-Infection, Iron, Isoniazid, Inborn errors…